Nok sculpture, terracotta The Nok civilisation of Northern Nigeria flourished between BC and ADproducing life-sized terracotta figures that are some of the earliest known sculptures in Sub-Saharan Africa. The Kingdom of Nri of the Igbo people consolidated in the 10th century and continued until it lost its sovereignty to the British in Nri and Aguleriwhere the Igbo creation myth originates, are in the territory of the Umeuri clan. Members of the clan trace their lineages back to the patriarchal king-figure Eri.
Yoruba refers to a group of cultures linked by a common language. They occupied an area bounded by the Niger River, and including what is now known as the Benin Republic, southwestern Nigeria, and part of Togo. They held a belief system in common: Starting in the 16th century, large numbers of Yoruba natives were transported as slaves to the Caribbean and the Americas.
Vincent, Tobago, and Trinidad. Information on the Internet can be found using such search phrases as: Yoruba faith, Orisha worship, and Ifa religion. Searching for "Ifa" will not be productive because so many organizations have IFA as their acronym.
The original religions of Africa have been declining over the past century due to the influences of colonialism, Western acculturation and proselytizing by Christianity and Islam. However, in the Americas and Caribbean, syncretistic religions involving African religions are growing rapidly.
Deities and other supernatural forces: Followers of Ifa believe in: Olodumare or Olorun as the supreme, self-existing deity. According to author Bolasi E.
His status of supremacy is absolute. Things happen when He approves, things do not come to pass if He disapproves. In worship, the Yoruba holds Him ultimately First and Last; in man's daily life, He has the ultimate pre-eminence.
In reality, within Yoruba, Olodumare generally has no assigned gender and is commonly referred to as "it.
Orisa; literally "head guardians"who are considered as ministers of Olodumare and intermediaries between Olodumare and humanity. Estimates of their number range from to 1, Esu, an trickster deity who generates confusion but is also a protector. Ibeji, the deity of twins. Ogun, the god of iron, war, justice, and the chase.
Orisa-nla, a senior Orisha who created the Earth and humanity.
Orunmila, the oracle divinity. Osanyin, the god of magic and medicine. Osun, the goddess of the river Osun Oya, the goddess of the river Niger. Sango, the god of thunder and lightning. Sopona, the divinity associated with smallpox.
Yemoja, the goddess of all rivers. Spirits, psychic agencies, or forces of nature. They are often associated with trees, rocks, rivers, forests, hills, etc.
Ancestors from previous generations who have died, become spirits and yet who retain an interest in their families. In short, they act as intermediaries between their living descendants and the orisa or Olorun.
New Orleans Mystic 3 writes: An example is given in this excerpt from Dr. When he reached the last link, he piled the loose earth on top of the water.
Next, he placed the hen on the pile of earth, and ordered her to scatter the earth with her toes across the surface of the water.
Olodumare then sent his trusted assistant, the chameleon, to verify that the earth was dry. When his helper had assured him that the Earth was solid, Olodumare named Earth 'Ile Ife,' the sacred house. At last, the divine power of Olodumare was dispersed.Things Fall Apart is a English-language novel by Nigerian author Chinua Achebe.
It is a staple book in schools throughout Africa and widely read and studied in .
Things Fall Apart is a English-language novel by Nigerian author Chinua Achebe. It is a staple book in schools throughout Africa and widely read and studied in . Enugu (/ eɪ ˈ n uː ɡ uː / (listen) ay-NOO-goo; Igbo: Énugwú) is the capital of Enugu State in rutadeltambor.com is located in southeastern Nigeria.
The city had a population of , according to the Nigerian census. The name Enugu is derived from the two Igbo words Énú Ụ́gwụ́ meaning "hill top" denoting the city's hilly geography. The city was named after Enugwu Ngwo, under. Enugu (/ eɪ ˈ n uː ɡ uː / (listen) ay-NOO-goo; Igbo: Énugwú) is the capital of Enugu State in rutadeltambor.com is located in southeastern Nigeria.
The city had a population of , according to the Nigerian census. The name Enugu is derived from the two Igbo words Énú Ụ́gwụ́ meaning "hill top" denoting the city's hilly geography. The city was named after Enugwu Ngwo, under. JSTOR is a digital library of academic journals, books, and primary sources.
JSTOR is a digital library of academic journals, books, and primary sources.