Visit Website The entire torch relay, starting with the ceremony in Olympia, was a thoroughly German production. Krupp, a German arms manufacturer, crafted the steel-clad torches that featured a magnesium-burning element designed by German chemists to stay lit regardless of weather conditions. Dissatisfied with the footage of the actual lighting ceremony in Olympia and believing that Kondylis did not resemble the ideal of an Olympic torchbearer from antiquity—had such a thing existed—the director brought another relay runner to Berlin after the Summer Games to stage the version of the torch lighting that appears in the movie. Schilgen, an elite runner but an Olympian, was chosen as the final torchbearer for his youthful Aryan appearance and graceful gait.
Olympic cauldron designs[ edit ] Wikimedia Commons has media related to Olympic cauldrons. The cauldron and the pedestal are always the subject of unique and often dramatic design.
These also tie in with how the cauldron is lit during the Opening Ceremony. In Los Angeles inRafer Johnson lit a wick of sorts[ clarification needed ] at the top of the archway after having climbed a big flight of steps. The flame flared up a pipe, through the Olympic Rings and on up the side of the tower to ignite the cauldron.
In Atlanta inthe cauldron was an artistic scroll decorated in red and gold. It was lit by Muhammad Aliusing a mechanical, self-propelling fuse ball that transported the flame up a wire from the stadium to its cauldron. For the Summer Olympics in Sydney, Cathy Freeman walked across a circular pool of water and ignited the cauldron through the water, surrounding herself within a ring of fire.
The planned spectacular climax to the ceremony was delayed by the technical glitch of a computer switch which malfunctioned, causing the sequence to shut down by giving a false reading. This meant that the Olympic flame was suspended in mid-air for about four minutes, rather than immediately rising up a water-covered ramp to the top of the stadium.
When it was discovered what the problem was, the program was overridden and the cauldron continued up the ramp, where it finally rested on a tall silver pedestal. After being skated around the centre ice rink there in the stadium, the flame was carried up a staircase to the team members, who then lit a wick of sorts The history of olympic torch the bottom of the cauldron tower which set off a line of flames that travelled up inside the tower until it reached the cauldron at the top which ignited.
This cauldron was the first to use glass and incorporated running water to prevent the glass from heating and to keep it clean. For the Summer Olympics in Athens, the cauldron was in the shape of a giant olive leaf which bowed down to accept the flame from windsurfer Nikolaos Kaklamanakis.
It was lit by Li Ningwho was raised to the rim of the stadium by wires. As he approached the cauldron, he lit an enormous wick, which then transferred the flame to the cauldron. The flame then spiralled up the structure of the cauldron before lighting it at the top.
However, only three out of four poles came out of the ground due to mechanical problems, resulting in inadvertently excluding Le May Doan from lighting it with the other three athletes. In the closing ceremonies, Le May Doan took part in a joke about the mechanical glitchand she was able to light the fully raised fourth pole and have the indoor cauldron relit.
At the Summer Olympics in London, the flame was passed to a group of seven young British athletes who then each lit a single tiny flame on the ground, igniting petals, one for each competing nation or territory. The cauldron that traditionally flames continuously from the opening until the closing ceremony was temporarily extinguished the flame itself was transferred to a lantern  prior to the athletics events while the cauldron was moved to the southern side of the stadium.
It was relit by Austin Playfoot, a torchbearer from the Olympics. Instead, monitors had been placed throughout the Olympic Park showing the public live footage of the flame. A line of gas jets carried the flame from the celebration cauldron up the main cauldron tower, eventually lighting it at the top.
To compensate for the smaller cauldron, it is accompanied by a larger kinetic sculpture designed by Anthony Howe. She then lit a wick of sorts, which lit a large metal flaming pillar. The pillar rose to the top of the cauldron, lighting it.
The cauldron was a large white sculpture with a large sphere on the top, acting for the cauldron. Traditional Olympic cauldrons often employ a simple bowl-on-pedestal design, such as the cauldron used for the Summer Olympics Olympic cauldron at Moscow Olympic cauldron at Seoulduring the opening ceremony Olympic cauldron at Barcelona Olympic cauldron at Atlanta Olympic cauldron at Athens during the opening ceremony Olympic cauldron at Turin Olympic cauldron at Beijing during the opening ceremony Olympic cauldron during the Vancouver Olympic Winter Games More artistic and abstract designs for cauldrons, including the Summer Olympics cauldron, have also been used.
Cauldrons can also take on monolithic forms, an example of which being the "cauldron tower" used for the Winter Olympics The cauldron features a kinetic sculpture with a small flame. The Olympics public cauldron, in a plaza at downtown Rio de Janeiro Olympic Cauldron at PyeongChang Coinage[ edit ] The Olympic flame has been used as a symbol and main motif numerous times in different commemorative coins.
A recent sample was the 50th anniversary of the Helsinki Olympic Games commemorative coinminted in In the obverse, the Olympic flame above the Earth can be seen. Note that Finland is the only country highlighted, as the host of the games.The modern Olympic Torch Relay tradition began in in Berlin.
The torch is lit by the sun in Olympia, Greece, as it was in ancient times, . The modern Olympic Games or Olympics The Winter Olympics in Sochi were the most expensive Olympic Games in history, thus initiating the Olympic torch relay that will carry the flame to the host city's Olympic stadium, where it plays an important role in the opening ceremony.
The flag will remain in the town hall of the next host-city until the next Olympic Games, four years later. History of the Olympic Flame. This flame begins its Olympic Torch Relay by touring Greece.
The flame is normally taken to the country where the games will be held (usually by airplane). Following that, the flame is then carried around. The Rio Olympic Games Torch was designed by the agency Chelles & Hayashi from São Paulo, which was chosen from 76 agencies by a multidisciplinary jury.
Made of recycled aluminum, its design encapsulates movement, innovation and Brazilian flavor, and reflects the meeting of the Olympic flame with the warmth of the people of Brazil. May 17, · The Olympic torch relay was the brainchild of Carl Diem, the chief organizer of the Berlin Games, who envisioned an unprecedented succession .
The strange history of the Olympic Torch—and why it has to stay lit It’s hard to keep a fire burning across a many-thousand-mile relay race.