The more people who bring their voice to the table, the more we can actually get done. Such flexibility helps parents continue to work while also raising children.
Terminology[ edit ] Although the concepts of "telecommuting" and "telework" are closely related, there is a difference between the two. All types of technology-assisted work conducted outside a centrally located work space including work undertaken in the home, outside calls, etc.
Telecommuters often maintain a traditional office and usually work from an alternative work site from 1 to 3 days a week.
These locations can be inside the home or at some other remote workplace, which is facilitated through a broadband connection, computer or phone lines,  or any other electronic media used to interact and communicate.
A telecommuter is also called a "telecommuting specialist", as a designation and in a professional context. Many telecommuters work from home, while others, sometimes called "nomad workers" work at coffee shops or other locations. The terms "telecommuting" and "telework" were coined by Jack Nilles in For many employees, the option to work from home is available as an employee benefit but most participants only do so a fraction of the time.
Bureau of Labor Statistics, making it a six-figure job. However, fewer than 14, were teleworking three or more days per week.
Federal Government passed the Telework Enhancement Act of  in order to improve Continuity of Operations and ensure essential Federal functions are maintained during emergencies; to promote management effectiveness when telework is used to achieve reductions in organizational and transit costs and environmental impacts; and to enhance the work-life balance of workers.
For example, telework allows employees to better manage their work and family obligations and thus helps retain a more resilient Federal workforce better able to meet agency goals.
The ongoing and exponential decreases in cost along with the increases in performance and usability of personal computers, forged the way for moving the office to the home.
By the early s, branch offices and home workers were able to connect to organizational mainframes using personal computers and terminal emulation. Telework is facilitated by tools such as groupware, virtual private networks, conference calling, videoconferencing, virtual call centre, Voice over IP VOIPand by the decreasing cost of good quality laptop computers.
It can be efficient and useful for companies since it allows workers to communicate over long distances, saving significant amounts of travel time and cost. As broadband Internet connections become more commonplace, more and more workers have adequate bandwidth at home to use these tools to link their home to their corporate intranet and internal phone networks.
The adoption of local area networks promoted the sharing of resources, and client—server model client—server computing allowed for even greater decentralization.
Today, telecommuters can carry laptops which they can use both at the office, at home, and nearly anywhere else. The rise of cloud computing technology and Wi-Fi availability have enabled access to remote servers via a combination of portable hardware and software.
They substantially increase the mobility of the worker and the degree of coordination with their organization. The technology of mobile phones and personal digital assistant, personal digital assistant PDA devices allows instant communication through text messages, camera photos, and video clips from anywhere and at any time.
Room for mistakes and miscommunication can increase. According to media richness theoryface-to-face interactions provide the capacity to process rich information: Emails have a time lag that does not allow for immediate feedback; telephone conversations make it harder to decipher the emotions of the person or team on the phone; and both of these forms of communication do not allow one to see the other person.
For instance, teams using computer-mediated communication with computer conferencing take longer to make group decisions than face-to-face groups.
According to Job Characteristics Theory, changes in autonomy and feedback influence work behaviors and attitudes more than a change in skill variety, task identity, or task significance.
Telework provides flexibility in scheduling and freedom because being outside the office gives the worker more choices. Teleworkers do not have to stick to office routines and can shift work to different times of day.Telecommuting (also known as working from home, or e-commuting) is a work arrangement in which the employee works outside the office, often working from home or a location close to home (including coffee shops, libraries, and various other locations).
Jul 20, · Telecommuting has become a way of life, disrupting the traditional workplace as we know it with employees who are happier and more productive. Telecommuting is the act of working at a remote location, usually at home, rather than traveling to and from an office.
Telecommuters typically telecommute one to three days a week and commute to the office for the balance of the time. Henceforth, telecommuting has become and unavoidable job of many employees around the world. It can be a huge benefit to the employers when it is handled with a good office setup and with a proper management strategy.
Both employers and employees should consider the effects of telework on business performance. What’s ideal for one company or person isn’t the same for another. Workers don’t always operate well in isolation, and extroverts often prefer being in an office environment.
Henceforth, telecommuting has become and unavoidable job of many employees around the world. It can be a huge benefit to the employers when it is handled with a good office setup and with a proper management strategy.