Ethnic minorities in britain

For immigration aftersee Immigration to the United Kingdom since

Ethnic minorities in britain

There are numerous minor groups, various tribal Turkic Ethnic minorities in britain QashqaiAfsharetc. Some of the main ethnic groups in Iran are also religious minorities. Some of these groups, however, have large Shi'a minorties, and the overwhelming majority of Persians and Azeris are Shi'a.

Many of the traditionally tribal groups have become urbanized and culturally assimilated during the 19th and 20th centuries, so that ethnic identity in many cases is less than clear-cut.

There have also been considerable intermarriage rates between certain groups, and nearly all groups are fluent in Persianin many cases marginalizing their traditional native tongue.

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Many Iranian provinces have radio and television stations in local language or dialect. School education is in Persianthe official languagebut use of regional languages is allowed under the constitution of the Islamic Republicand Azeri language and culture is studied at universities and other institutions of higher education.

Official documents, correspondence, and texts, as well as text-books, must be in this language and script. These include land and property confiscations, denial of state and para-statal employment under the gozinesh criteria and restrictions on social, cultural, linguistic and religious freedoms which often result in other human rights violations such as the imprisonment of prisoners of conscience, grossly unfair trials of political prisoners before Revolutionary Courts, corporal punishment and use of the death penalty, as well as restrictions on movement and denial of other civil rights.

John Bradley is of the opinion that: Many, if not most, members of the national cultural and political elite have mixed ethnic roots.

Most provincial governors and many members of the local ruling classes and clergy are members of the relevant ethnic groups. Separatist tendencies, led by some groups such as the Kurdish Democratic Party of Iran and Komalah in Iranian Kurdistanfor example, had led to frequent unrest and occasional military crackdown throughout the s and even to Ethnic minorities in britain present.

The Republic of Mahabad in Iran which was the second independent Kurdish state of the 20th century, after the Republic of Ararat in modern Turkey ; and the second time after the Iranian Revolution in There is a province in Iran called Kordestan province. The Iranian name their planes after the province in Iran [including Kordestan]".

However, ethnic minorities seeking more autonomy are suspected of being instigated by foreign powers. Foreign involvement One of the major internal policy challenges during the centuries up until now for most or all Iranian governments has been to find the appropriate and balanced approach to the difficulties and opportunities caused by this diversity, particularly as this ethnic or sectarian divisions have often been readily utilized by foreign powers, notably during the Iran—Iraq War.

According to Professor Richard Frye: Likewise the Baluch, Turkmen, Armenians and Kurds, although with bonds to their kinsmen on the other side of borders, are conscious of the power and richness of Persian culture and willing to participate in it. Professor Efraim Karsh traces out the origins of Saddam Hussein's wish to annex Khuzestan using the ethnic card: This did not happen.

Hussein had wrongly expected the Iranian Arabs to join the Arab Iraqi forces and win a quick victory for Iraq. Moscow's policies were specifically devised "in order to sponsor regional powerbases, if not to annex territory".

Ethnicity and religion statistics | Institute of Race Relations

At the same time develop a separatist movement in the provinces of GilanMazandaranGorgan, and Khorasan. Conduct suitable work among the Kurds of northern Iran to draw them into the separatist movement to form a national autonomous Kurdish district.

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In AprilSeymour Hersh brought widespread attention to claims of covert operations in Iran when he wrote in an article for The New Yorker about special units that were "working with minority groups in Iran, including the Azeris in the north, the Baluchis in the southeast, and the Kurds in the northeast of Iran.

He also claims CIA paramilitary operatives and US Special Forces are training special Azerbaijani units capable of operating inside Iran in order to mobilize the large Azeri ethnic population within Iran.

Ethnic minorities in britain

There are many more Azeris in Tabriz than there are in Azerbaijanjust for the record. So that has an effect over time of changing things.

Accessible through Turkey and ex-Soviet Azerbaijanmore Westward-looking than most of Iranand economically going nowhere, Iran's richest agricultural province was an ideal covert action theater. The operations are controversial because they involve dealing with movements that resort to terrorist methods in pursuit of their grievances against the Iranian regime.

Funding for their separatist causes comes directly from the CIA's classified budget but is now "no great secret", according to one former high-ranking CIA official in Washington who spoke anonymously to The Sunday Telegraph.

His claims were backed by Fred Burtona former US state department counter-terrorism agent, who said: Heresh in his article on July 7, mentions that the Bush Administration is increasing its secret moves against Iran by supporting ethnic separatist groups in Iran.

Relevant discussion may be found on the talk page. June This article is written like a personal reflection, personal essay, or argumentative essay that states a Wikipedia editor's personal feelings or presents an original argument about a topic. Please help improve it by rewriting it in an encyclopedic style.

June Assyrians in UrmiaIran.

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Iran then called Persia traditionally was governed over the last few centuries in a fairly decentralised way with much regional and local autonomy. In particular, weaker members of the Qajar dynasty often did not rule much beyond the capital Tehrana fact exploited by the imperial powers Britain and Russia in the 19th century.

For example, when British cartographers, diplomats, and telegraph workers traveled along Iran's southern coast in the early 19th century laden with guns and accompanied by powerful ships, some local chieftains quickly calculated that their sworn allegiance to the Shah in Tehran with its accompanying tax burden might be optional.

When queried, they proclaimed their own local authority. Reza Shah Pahlaviand to a lesser degree his son Mohammed Reza Pahlavisuccessfully strengthened the central government by using reforms, bribes and suppressions.

In particular, the Bakhtiaris, Kurds, and Lurs until the late s required persistent military measures to keep them under governmental control.Ethnic Minorities in Britain Introduction (Mis)labelling identity signifiers bespeaks underlying histories of power structure(s).

Indeed, however a case is made based on political, social, economic, cultural and ethnic grounds, an identity signifier remains central to sustain, if not to justify, existing power structures.

The Official Language and script of Iran, the lingua franca of its people, is Persian. Official documents, correspondence, and texts, as well as text-books, must be in this language and script.

The history of the American immigration of ethnic minorities, including settlement patterns, identity issues, cultural assimilation, and demographics.

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