An introduction to the psychedelic effects of cannabis sativa

To see any graphs, charts, graphics, images, and quotes to which Dr. Greger may be referring, watch the above video.

An introduction to the psychedelic effects of cannabis sativa

So far there has been pretty extensive research in regards to the medical benefits of active cannabinoids such as cannabidiol CBD and tetrahydrocannabinol THC ; however, much less information is known about terpene profiles and their contributions to the aroma, flavor, and medicinal properties of Cannabis.

Terpenes found in all land plants can act as defense compounds, toxins, and as feeding deterrents to predators in an attempt to ensure plant fitness. For instance, many people only associate the plant with its recreational drug use and view it in a condescending light whereas other cultures have used the plant for food, fuel, clothing, shelter, and medicine primarily in the cultivation of hemp for fibers and the resins and buds of female Cannabis plants for medicinal herbs, tinctures and salves Craker et al.

Account Options Cannabidivarin Cannabinoids and cannabinoid receptors[ edit ] The most prevalent psychoactive substances in cannabis are cannabinoidsmost notably THC. How these other compounds interact with THC is not fully understood.
Your guide to making money in the multi-billion dollar marijuana industry Introduction from by Todd Mikuriya, M.
Cannabis - Wikipedia Cannabis is one of man's oldest cultivated non-food plants and is thought to have originated in Asia. Although many varieties with somewhat different physical and chemical characteristics are often distinguished, most botanists consider these to be members of a single species.

Cannabis has a very long history of cultivation and utilization that started primarily in Central Asia and the Himalayans, but it soon spread to various tropical and temperate regions throughout the globe. Cannabis plants that grow in the wild, when compared to intensive cultivation, produce much less oils, resins, and fibers.

An introduction to the psychedelic effects of cannabis sativa

Even though historical uses and applications of Cannabis may vary between regions and cultures, there was a common desire to cultivate the plant in a way that would maximize its resin and fiber production, especially in regards to the female plants who have the most potent concentration of resins and oils.

While all cultures who have adopted Cannabis cultivation have done so for a multitude of different reasons, within the history of the United States it has been primarily bred and grown to maximize oil and resin production, and therefore, cannabinoid composition, with even more recent attempts to cultivate high terpene concentrations for additional medical and recreational uses and benefits.

The flowers or buds of the female plant are the most desired and useful parts considering their higher concentration of both cannabinoid and terpene compounds. These plant structures have a much higher composition of the active compounds that are used for both medicinal and recreational purposes.

Many of these differences are dependent on the genetics of the strain being grown, but environmental conditions can also significantly affect a plants phenotype.

Often times, mostly in regards to concentrates, terpenoid compounds can be destroyed through harsh extraction processes with solvents like butane and propane. Chemical Ecology- Picture found at https: However, while there are so many, only about 11 have been found at significant concentrations to allow for research, and of those, only 6 are commonly focused on.

The most studied terpenes in regards to Cannabis include pinene, limonene, humulene, linalool, caryophyllene, and myrcene. For example, limonene has been a very highly sought after terpene that provides citrus flavors ranging from lemon to orange to pineapple with aromas found almost exclusively in C.

In addition to flavorful and aromatic associations with limonene, its essence has also been highly linked to medicinal properties used for its anti-depressant, anti-anxiety, gastric reflux stabilizer, and anti-fungal properties Leafly While these properties and associations are relatively exclusive to limonene, each terpene that has been studied has been observed to have distinct associations with particular strains and medical applications.

Some terpenes are even able to monitor and restrict or enable the flow of THC molecules through the blood-brain barrier Rahn Overall, high terpene concentrations can enhance the medical effects and benefits of the cannabinoids in Cannabis by affecting and activating the same receptors.

A deeper understanding of the chemistry and medical potential of terpenoids compounds has the potential to unearth to new treatments in chemotherapy, antimicrobial processes, anti-depressants, spasm suppressants and much more. The Botany of Cannabis.

This article was exerted from the book The Pot Book: The Flavors of Cannabis Aromatherapy.Cannabis (/ ˈ k æ n ə b ɪ s /) is a genus of flowering plants in the family number of species within the genus is disputed.

Three species may be recognized: Cannabis sativa, Cannabis indica, and Cannabis ruderalis; C. ruderalis may be included within C. sativa; or all three may be treated as subspecies of a single species, C.

sativa. Cannabis is an annual, dioecious, flowering leaves are palmately compound or digitate, with serrate leaflets. The first pair of leaves usually have a single leaflet, the number gradually increasing up to a maximum of about thirteen leaflets per leaf (usually seven or .

Marijuana and hashish come from Cannabis sativa L.,[b] an herbaceous annual plant often called "Indian Hemp", which readily grows wild or is cultivated in most of the tropical and temperate areas of the world including Canada.

THC is the heavy psychedelic property of Cannabis, it causes the most common symptoms of Cannabis use; that is the happiness, the pain killing, the munchies, and .

Volkow ND, Baler RD, Compton WM, Weiss SR. Adverse health effects of marijuana use. N Engl J Med. ;(23) Meier MH, Caspi A, Cerdá M, et al. Associations between Cannabis Use and Physical Health Problems in Early Midlife: A Longitudinal Comparison of Persistent Cannabis versus Tobacco Users.

In the Cannabis genus, primarily in regards to and species, there are over different terpenes that have been identified (Rahn ) However, while there are so many, only about 11 have been found at significant concentrations to allow for research, and .

Effects of cannabis - Wikipedia