Ancient Records and Modern Perspectives, ed.
The very ancient Ephod received its name no doubt from the fact that it consisted of a figure of wood or other material, overlaid with gold or silver foil. The "calves of gold" at Dan and Beth-el were probably only idols thus overlaid, and not entirely composed of solid metal I Kings xii.
Later accounts of the building of the Temple specify that the walls and doors, and even the floor, were overlaid with gold-leaf. The plastic art was the one that had the least opportunity for development. Sculpture in stone hardly existed at all among the Jews: They evidently lacked during all this period the ability to execute artistic work in stone.
Ivory-and wood-carving, on the other hand, were practised by the Jews from ancient times. The above-mentioned overlaying with metal involved, as a necessary condition, that the underlying wood had been wrought into proper shape. The old teraphim seem to have been of human form, or at least to have possessed a human head I Sam.
The cherubim for the Holy of Holies were carved out of olive-wood. The wood-work of the walls and doors of the Temple was ornamented with carvings I Kings vi. Religion as an Opponent of the Plastic Art. It was the religion of the Jews that precluded the full development of the art of sculpture, and so confined it within the above-mentioned narrow limits.
In the most ancient times, when images were not proscribed, the technical ability to make them artistically was lacking; and when in later periods this artistic skill might have been acquired from others, images were forbidden.
The persistent fight of the Prophets against images was waged with such success that in the end not only was any representation of the Deity forbidden, but even the portraiture of living beings in general, man or beast.
Such a command as that of the Decalogue Ex. Attempts in this direction are found in the earliest times in the custom of decorating with colors jars, vases, and articles of similar character.
Objects found at Tell el-Hesy show such attempts of a somewhat rude fashion; those found in Jerusalem exhibit them executed in a more careful and finished manner. The question, of course, still remains whether these latter objects are native products or imported articles.
In either case the painting amounts to but a simple form of ornamentation by means of colored lines, in which geometrical figures predominate, with parallel lines and lines at right angles, zigzag and waving lines, all forming a sort of band around the neck or body of the vessel.
In the Old Testament, painting is not mentioned: See Cherub, House, Sanctuary, Synagogues.The Hebrew Bible is a compilation of Jewish History, and yet it has an “end” even though the Jewish people continue to thrive.
Many books written during the latter period of ancient Jewish history were excluded from the bible, including the Books of the Maccabees. Start studying Western civ 1 chapter 1. Learn vocabulary, terms, and more with flashcards, games, and other study tools.
the Egyptians out of Syria and ancient Palestine, and he twice attacked Jerusalem. The city finally fell in B.C. Solomon's temple was destroyed in the Babylonian victory.
(jewish faith), Christianity, and Islam. Hebrews were nomadic people. They lived in the ancient Middle East. Around BC they settled in Canaan, the country on the eastern coast of Mediterranean sea, the territory of modern Israel, Jordan, Lebanon and Syria.
Later this country was known as the kingdom of Israel and, after the death of King Solomon, was divided into Israel and Judea.
Emphasis in ancient Jewish thought on orderly intervention of God in the world Hebrews demythicized nature in a revolutionary way, but did not view it as system governed by natural law Yet Hebrew removal of the gods from nature was a key precursor to scientific thought.
10Chapter The Hebrew Kingdoms Before You Read:Predicting Scan the title of the chapter and the lesson titles. Write Although the ancient Hebrews were a small group of people, their impact on world history has been great.
The Hebrews have Solomon’s Temple. A. Encyclopedia of Jewish and Israeli The issue of the history, politics and culture, with biographies, statistics, articles and documents on topics an analysis of the solomon temple in the ancient jewish civilization from anti-Semitism to an analysis of the solomon temple in the ancient jewish civilization Zionism.