Food security analysis When faced with an emergency or dealing with structural food insecurity, information can save lives. Who are the food insecure or vulnerable people?
According to the FAO, the arm of the UN that works on worldwide hunger-defeating initiatives, animal farming presents a "major threat to the environment" with such "deep and wide-ranging" impacts that it should rank as a leading focus for environmental policy.
The report calls the livestock sector a "major player" in affecting climate change through greenhouse-gas production. The FAO found that the ranching and slaughter of cows and other animals generates an estimated 18 percent of total human-induced greenhouse-gas emissions globally.
Livestock emit methane and other greenhouse gasses through excrement and belching. The FAO estimates that cow manure and flatulence generate 30 to 40 percent of total methane emissions from human-influenced activities. As demand for meat grows, the report explains, so does the need for pasture and cropland, making deforestation an additional concern; currently, according to the report, the livestock sector occupies 30 percent of ice-free land on the planet.
Extensive grazing also takes a toll on arable land. The livestock sector also contributes to water depletion; currently, the livestock sector accounts for 8 percent of human water use globally.
Animal wastes, antibiotics and hormones, as well as chemicals from tanneries and pesticides from feed crops, also contaminate water supplies.
Henning Steinfeld, an author of the report, said in a press statement that "urgent action is required to remedy the situation.
From toconsumers in the United States ate on average approximately In those same years, the United Kingdom consumed nearly 5 million tons of meat each year, Brazil nearly North America had one of the highest methane emissions from livestock manure management in the world inaccording to the report.
Methane is more readily produced when manure is managed in a liquid form, such as in holding tanks or lagoons commonly used in North America. Additionally, the US is a leader in CO2 emissions from the burning of fossil fuels in the manufacture of nitrogen fertilizer used to grow food for livestock.
Researchers found that the difference between the greenhouse gases emitted by a person consuming a red-meat diet over a plant diet equaled the difference between driving a sedan and a sport-utility vehicle.
It shows agriculture, including non-livestock activities, accounted for 6 percent of national greenhouse-gas emissions in By comparison, the EPA reports that the transportation sector accounted for approximately 27 percent of total US greenhouse gas emissions. But Dawn Moncrief, director of the Farm Animal Reform Movement, a national food-education organization, said that not only are US consumers harming the environment through their appetite for meat, but American food choices are being exported to other countries.
According to FAO, world meat production is expected to double by In Marchthe Department of Geophysical Sciences at the University of Chicago released a study that compared the differences in greenhouse-gas emissions caused by various plant- and meat-based diets.
Despite such alarming findings, the FAO report stopped short of suggesting more people adopt plant-based diets; instead it advocated for technological solutions and changes in farming policies. Adopting these changes "with a sense of urgency," wrote the FAO, can "make a very significant contribution to reducing and reversing environmental damage.
The NewStandard is a non-profit publisher that encourages noncommercial reproduction of its content. Reprints must prominently attribute the author and The NewStandard, hyperlink to http: For more information or commercial reprint rights, please see the TNS reprint policy.Antimicrobial drugs play a critical role in the treatment of diseases, their use is essential to protect both human and animal health.
However, antimicrobials are often misused for treatment and prevention of diseases in livestock sector, aquaculture as well as crop production. and the Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO), notably their analysis and statistics of forest products markets, forest resource assessment, and sector outlook studies.
USDA works to increase food security and reduce hunger by providing children and low-income people access to food, a healthful diet and nutrition education in a way that supports American agriculture and inspires public confidence. The Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations leads international efforts to defeat hunger.
Serving both developed and developing countries, FAO acts as a neutral forum where all. The report documented by the Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations have shown that Gulf Cooperation Council (GCC) countries, which include Oman, Saudi Arabia, Kuwait and Bahrain, are facing a lot of food security challenges (Food and Agriculture Organization of the United.
The United Nations World Food Programme is the world’s largest humanitarian agency fighting hunger worldwide. The mission of WFP is to help the world achieve Zero Hunger in our lifetimes.